If you find underground utilities, you can easily determine what type of utility it is for. The risk was high before when people could not easily identify the type of utility lines underneath whenever they dig. Today, the risks have been lessened although not completely eliminated. If there is a need to dig the ground, it is very important that the utility lines first be identified. If you need to dig through a piece of land today, you are required by the OSHA to first identify or locate underground utilities. You dont want something disastrous to occur. Fatal injuries can happen if underground utility lines are struck. The location of the areas where the lines were struck can experience service interruption. People can call 811 to prevent these incidents, before they proceed with digging their property. Utility companies can then mark out their respective lines when you call them out.
Sometimes, even if the lines are marked accidents still happen. The reality is that there is an incident almost every 6 minutes where utility line are struck. Traffic lights, wastewater pipes, telecommunication lines, etc. are affected when lines are struck. These incidents affect public health and safety.
GPR or Ground Penetrating Radar is used by companies to locate their utility lines. With this machine, companies can easily locate utility lines. However, for the ordinary homeowner, it is enough to simply call 811 to be able to let companies located their lines.
It is easier to identify underground utility lines today because they now use different colors for each utility. Below are some of the colors used for different utility lines.
White lines are for proposed excavation sites. You can mark areas with white lines that will soon be excavated.
If you see pink lines, they are temporary survey markings. These are used by surveyors to mark off legal property boundaries.
Electric power lines, cable, conduit, and lighting cable use red lines. This color is appropriate for electrical works since it is associated with fire and danger.
Yellow lines are used for gas, oil, steam, petroleum, and gaseous materials. The bright color yellow is used to be a warning sign since a natural gas leak can create a potentially disastrous situation.
Communication, alarm, signal lines, cable, or conduit use orange lines. If you see blue lines then these are lines for potable water. Reclaimed water, irrigation, and slurry lines used purple lines. If you see the color green, then it indicates sewer and drain lines. A project can be derailed for a long time when these utility lines are hit.